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Growing

It is easily grown and maintained. Growing is similar to sour cherry or hazel. Namely, if grown its own roots it grows like a bush similar to a nut tree. To facilitate its growing by enabling inter row reach, pruning and harvesting, it can be grafted on Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia). In Russia it is called "krasnoplodnaja Rjabina" and in Ukraine "gorobina zvičajna". Grafting can also be done on the wild pear and black hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata), although it could be done on other such as white and red hawthorn, C. monogina and C. pinnatifida. For grafting to be done the base should be at least three years old, because grafting is done on high of 100 to 120 cm so that the seedlings will have at least five years at the time of planting to the permanent place. It can be grafted in various ways; appraisal, "chipping", English merging, and others, as well as all other types of fruit. The choice of the method depends on the thickness of grafting tree. Chokeberry grafted onto Rowan has increased yield and quality, and the grafting base does not affect the taste. These two types of plants were crossed by Micurin when he got two new synthetic varieties - "sorbaronije" , Likerna and Desertna Micurina, 1905. However, they did not spread in practice.

 Due to the slow growth of the grafts, which are quite expensive, usually Chokeberry is grown on its own root as a bush. This tree later can be shaped and pruned to decrease large number of trees in order to facilitate the insolation, which will allow normal photosynthesis of all leaves and ensure a good yield. Branches of 5-7 year old stems are cut, some at a height of 50 to 70 cm and other close to the ground to create new growth of trees which will give a higher yield. Plant old over 25 years old can be "mow down" near the surface to “rejuvenate" the plant. Individual bush in fifteen year time spam can develop more than 30 offspring which will give fruits. Such vigor and yield potential of chokeberry is because of the powerful root system. Just 13 years old plant’s root system develops a radius of two meters and depth of 160 cm. The average diameter of the crown of this plant is 347 cm. Highest root weight (about 80%) extends to a depth of 80 cm. Most of the roots are located within a radius of 50 cm around the tree, 44%, and for any another 50 cm 20% more. In nine years of growth, in Ukrainian, chokeberry develops roots with vessels overall length 711m, and the depth of 130cm.

Root vessels not bigger than 1 mm in diameter sum up to 91 - 95%, the ones with 1-3 mm 3-4% and only 1-2% takes up thicker than 3mm. This way chokeberry provides an incredibly strong suction power of the root system. It adopts water and plant food only through thin root vessels, and thicker are used for nutrient distribution. For such a specific root system chokeberry is perfect plant to use to green sandy areas, ash dumps and dumps. Chokeberry manages to grow even in wet soil where only willow, reed and bulrush survive. In this case we have a permanent irrigation for chokeberry! Chokeberry gives man a chance to effectively take advantage of areas that are over the winter and early spring waterlogged.

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